Wrought iron gates are a British tradition dating back to the Victorian era when attractive architecture was a marked norm in the society. In those days, steel was not yet invented. Hence, the only metal available for use was iron. Wrought iron can be melted and further worked on. Thus, it was the choice for […]

The earliest chandeliers were known to exist in the 14th century when only the wooden cross-forming beams were spiked to hold candles. They were only used by the riches and wealthy people. With the improvement in technology and techniques, the chandeliers were also improved. With the use of original metals and woods, glass, and the […]

GENERAL CHARACTERISTICS The Copper Age, Bronze Age and Iron Age gave the humanity some fantastic and beautiful ways for domestic and commercial uses. A lot of tools, weapons, building materials and some other products were invented by the utilization of these metals. Due to the general and beneficial characteristics of these metals, societies saw some […]

Iron is naturally occurring and a second most abundant element on earth. It is comprised of up to 80 % earth’s core and up to 30 % of earth’s crust. It cannot be found on earth in its native form under normal conditions. It is normally found in sulfide and oxide with lot of impurities. […]

When iron ore is melted into useful metal, a specific amount of carbon is generally alloyed with the iron. The amount of carbon considerably has an effect on the properties of metal. Charcoal is almost pure carbon.               Cast Iron: – When the carbon material is more than 2%, the metal is known as […]