Short History of Metal Ages

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The period of the Neolithic is called metal age when people started making tools and weapons made up of metal. Metal age is divided into three ages: The Bronze Age, The copper age, and the Iron Age. This age begun after the discovery of metallurgy in 4500 B.C. the tools made in the metal age are farming tools, domestic tools and weapons.

Short History of Metal Ages

Tools used in the South: In Fennoscandia the early metal age (2000 BC- 300 AD) was related to the Bronze Age and Early Iron Age. This period is distinguished by the severe need of tools like hunter-gatherers.  The tools of agriculture were made at the start of this age. More and more pottery was made and advancement was noted in the making and decorating of containers. New modernization was observed in clay mass objects. Most of the materials in the early age were made up of stone and organic materials. The arrow heads were made up of quartz and flint. Besides these arrow heads, a particular type of bow was also used but it is found no more due to the absence of its proof. These tools were used in the south.

Tools Used in the North: Evidence suggest that in North, copper and bronze tools were under the use. It was found that these tools were made outside the area and were brought to the North by trade. The foremost tool used there was dagger made of either copper or bronze. Pieces of many pots were found at the side of Pasvik River which shows that clay pots were also used in the North.

More pieces of evidence are found of Northern archaeological material around 900-600 BC in the East Europe when axes made up of false bronze were spreading over the area. Moreover, bronze bracelets and necklaces were spreading among Swedish societies. In Lusmasaari Island, were found four necklaces, three bracelets, pieces of bronze plate and eastern axe. Bronze razor was also found in North but its evidence are lost. These tools were found in Norway because this area is situated along the river where these indications were found and are worked upon by archeologists.

Discovery of Metal Tools: Iron was found in Northern area in 600 B.C. but iron was not found all over the North till then. In spite new type of earthen material called Kjelmoy was found in Sweden. Asbestos was mixed with clay and used for making clay pots and also mussel shells from the rivers were also used. This new material Kjelmoy was made by clay after following a new extended method.

Different tools used in Finland were made of deer antler. These tools include curved knives. This area is of importance as it covers the ancient tools and also their preservation. Besides knives, axes were also used and these axes were also made up of deer antler. The metal age in North was diminished around 300 AD when this material culture was lost because the evidence of pottery and iron metallurgy were not present anymore.