Blacksmithing started with the Iron Age in around 1,500 B. C in what is now Syria and moved west into Europe, the moment simple when primitive man very first began creating tools and equipment from iron. The Iron Age started when some ancient people pointed out that a specific kind of rock produced iron when heated by the coals of a hot campfire. In other words, we can say that blacksmithing has been around for a very long time since the art of crafting that crude metal right into a usable implementation.
For a very long time, blacksmithing continued to be a crude art. It had taken three thousand years for man to understand the science of metallurgy. Long after, man manufactured the primary tools. The first compass used a forged iron needle.
It was an incredible discovery at that time. By forging the needle completely, the blacksmith aligned the molecules of iron and that is why south is south and north is north. Right after that, the sailors could easily travel without need of stars nor sun to plot their courses around the globe.
The blacksmith was identified as the king of all trades owing to his ability to create his own tools. When compared with other trades of that time all their tools started by the blacksmith. Without the blacksmith, parts for the advancement of technology would never have been created. Villages could not survive without the blacksmith, for they were crucial in the making of tools and repairing things such as axes, knives, etc
As settlements had started to build in the modern world an integral part of the building of those villages were blacksmiths. Villages were dependent on the blacksmith to provide various tools in order to maintain their ways of life. Because of the weight of iron ore, a constant amount was not able to be shipped from Europe onto other places. Wherever iron ore was found, a small industry began. And with these small steps, blacksmiths could start making tools, farm implements, muskets, cooking utensils, knives, and nearly all of the necessities.
Blacksmiths of the 18th and 19th centuries had different qualities of iron available to them. Even if a high grade of iron were used, the metal frequently needed additional attention by the smith before he used it. The limitations of the refining and rolling processes caused much of the iron to have an imperfect texture, usually referred to as fibrous.
The blacksmith could improve this condition by heating the iron and vigorously hammering it on his anvil. This procedure assisted in removing certain impurities from the iron and improved its purity and resistance to disintegration. Despite the work that most smiths performed on the iron, it is not uncommon to find separations or fissures in objects such as axes, wheel tires, and fence parts.
(Rudyard Kipling) quoted:
Gold is for the mistress – Silver for the maid
Copper for the craftsman – Cunning at his trade
“Good!” said the Baron, sitting in his hall
“But Iron – Cold Iron – is master of them all.”