A eutectoid alloy is comparable in nature to a eutectic allow. A eutectic combination is described by having a solitary dissolving point. This liquefying point is lower than that of any of the constituents and no change in the mixture will bring down the dissolving point any further. At the point when a liquid eutectic alloy is cooled, the greater part of the constituents will solidify into their particular stages at the same temperature. A eutectoid allow is comparative; however the change happens, not from a fluid but from a strong arrangement. After cooling a eutectoid combination from the arrangement temperature, the constituents will separate into distinctive precious stages, structuring a solitary microstructure.
Eutectoid steel basically contains 0.77% carbon. After cooling gradually, the arrangement of iron and carbon a solitary stage called austenite will separate into platelets of the stages ferrite and cementite. These structures have a layered microstructure called pearlite. Since pearlite is harder than iron, the level of delicateness achievable is ordinarily restricted to that delivered by the pearlite. Similarly, the hardenability is restricted by the constant martensitic microstructure shaped when cooled quickly.